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Disposal of agar with silver nitrate

Submitted by sat on 28 March 2019

Background:

A more reactive metal will displace a less reactive metal from its compound. The less reactive metal will coat the surface of the more reactive metal.1 This activity is used to demonstrate a metal displacement reaction between zinc metal and silver ions with the formation of silver crystals. The silver nitrate solution is mixed into molten agar prior to setting in a Petri dish. Zinc metal is placed into the agar, where the zinc displaces the silver out of the agar. Solid silver crystals form around the zinc metal and a small portion of the solid zinc dissolves into the agar to form zinc ions. This means that you may have both silver and zinc ions in the agar.

Disposal:

Science ASSIST recommends the use of microscale techniques, where possible. This has the advantages of reducing the risks involved in certain activities and reducing the production of chemical waste.

An example of a microscale reaction for copper displacing silver from a silver nitrate solution can be seen in the video ‘Silver nitrate reacting with copper wire’, YouTube (0.20 sec) https://youtu.be/bj1Bjh0VbvU  

References and further reading

1 ‘Metals’, KS3 Chemistry, BBC Bitesize website, https://www.bbc.com/bitesize/guides/zqwmxnb/revision/3 (Accessed March 2019)

‘Displacement reactions between metals and their salts’, LearnChemistry – Royal Society of Chemistry website, http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000720/displacement-reactions-between-metals-and-their-salts?cmpid=CMP00005017 (October 2015)

‘Microscale chemistry’, Education in chemistry website, https://eic.rsc.org/feature/microscale-chemistry/2020192.article (March 2007)

 ‘Microscale chemistry revisited’, Education in chemistry website, https://eic.rsc.org/feature/microscale-chemistry-revisited/2020193.article (May 2012)