You are correct that the classification for some nitrates has been changed according to some manufacturers. It is perplexing when different manufacturers have different information seemingly for the same item. Sometimes different manufacturers assign a different classification based upon the concentration and form of their particular chemical or the classification criteria that they use.
Chemicals should be stored so that incompatible chemicals are segregated or isolated from each other to avoid hazardous reactions from occurring. Generally, chemicals should be separated and stored according to their Dangerous Goods classification giving consideration to further incompatibilities within their Dangerous Goods class.
Regarding the classification of iron (III) nitrate that you have mentioned, as well as other nitrates such as calcium nitrate and magnesium nitrate, we found that for:
- iron (III) nitrate nonahydrate: out of 4 SDSs, two were classified as 5.1 and two as 8;
- calcium nitrate tetrahydrate: out of 3 SDSs, two were classified as 5.1 and one as none;
- magnesium nitrate hexahydrate: out of 3 SDSs, one was classified as 5.1 and two as none.
All SDSs stated that the chemicals should be stored in tightly closed container in a cool, dry and well-ventilated place. All noted incompatibilities with combustibles and most noted incompatibilities with acids, organics and reducing agents.
Therefore, as an interim measure until we have all of our storage guidelines in place, we think it would be reasonable—in view of the information contained within the SDSs regarding incompatibilities—that these nitrates should continue to be stored with the oxidising agents, subject to checking that there are no further incompatibilities within the oxidising group.
Science ASSIST will be developing more specific guidelines for chemical storage in the coming months for chemicals included in our List of recommended chemicals for science in Australian schools
‘Safety Data Sheet: Calcium nitrate tetrahydrate’, Dec 2010. Chem-Supply website.& https://www.chemsupply.com.au/documents/CL0151CH1N.pdf
‘Safety Data Sheet: Calcium nitrate hydrate’. Sigma-Aldrich website. https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/search?term=Calcium+nitrate+hydrate... (Link Updated September 2019).
‘Safety Data Sheet: Iron(III) nitrate nonahydrate’. Merck website. https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/search?term=Iron%28III%29+nitrate+n... (Link updated, September 2019)
‘Safety Data Sheet: Iron(III) nitrate nonahydrate’, May 2015. Chem-Supply website.& https://www.chemsupply.com.au/documents/FA0061CH3D.pdf
‘Safety Data Sheet: Magnesium nitrate’, October 2012. Sigma-Aldrich website.& https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/search?term=13446-18-9&interface=CA...
‘Safety Data Sheet: Magnesium nitrate’, July 2015. Chem-Supply website.& https://www.chemsupply.com.au/documents/ML0411CH42.pdf
Science ASSIST. 2015 List of Recommended Chemicals. Science ASSIST website. (Accessed October 2015)