Back and forth - Year 10 CLE

Back and forth - Year 10 CLE
Publication Date: March, 2016
Type of Resource: Practical activity/investigation

This online resource covers energy transformation and conservation.

The resource is a Science ASSIST Connected Learning Experience (CLE) to help teach Year 10 students the concepts involved in energy transformation and conservation.

Description: In this investigation, energy transformation and energy conservation are investigated by analysing the motion of a pendulum.

Learning intentions

Students will be able to:

  • explain that one or more different forms (or types) of energy can be present at the same time;
  • understand how one form of energy can be transformed into other forms and vice versa;
  • identify that the total amount of energy remains constant (total energy is conserved);
  • identify and describe the relationship between the length of a pendulum and its period;
  • identify and describe the relationship between the mass and angle of release of a pendulum and its period;
  • draw conclusions based on evidence;
  • identify sources of error;
  • identify improvements that could increase the reliability of data;
  • communicate science ideas using appropriate language and representations.

Additional Information

The Connected Learning Experience Resource

A Connected Learning Experience (CLE) is a resource package designed to support the use of inquiry investigations in the classroom.

A CLE may not encompass all the concepts and skills addressed in the specific content descriptions outlined by the Australian Curriculum: Science for that year level. The Learning Intentions clearly define the aims and objectives of the CLE.

Year 10 Achievement Standard

This lesson sequence provides opportunities to gather information about students’ achievement of specific components in the standards (which are bolded in the statements below).

By the end of Year 10, students analyse how the periodic table organises elements and use it to make predictions about the properties of elements. They explain how chemical reactions are used to produce particular products and how different factors influence the rate of reactions. They explain the concept of energy conservation and represent energy transfer and transformation within systems. They apply relationships between force, mass and acceleration to predict changes in the motion of objects. Students describe and analyse interactions and cycles within and between Earth’s spheres. They evaluate the evidence for scientific theories that explain the origin of the Universe and the diversity of life on Earth. They explain the processes that underpin heredity and evolution. Students analyse how the models and theories they use have developed over time and discuss the factors that prompted their review.

Students develop questions and hypotheses and independently design and improve appropriate methods of investigation, including field work and laboratory experimentation. They explain how they have considered reliability, safety, fairness and ethical actions in their methods and identify where digital technologies can be used to enhance the quality of data. When analysing data, selecting evidence and developing and justifying conclusions, they identify alternative explanations for findings and explain any sources of uncertainty. Students evaluate the validity and reliability of claims made in secondary sources with reference to currently held scientific views, the quality of the methodology and the evidence cited. They construct evidence-based arguments and select appropriate representations and text types to communicate science ideas for specific purposes.

Relevant prior curriculum knowledge

Science / Year 8 / Science Understanding / Physical sciences

Content description

Energy appears in different forms including movement (kinetic energy), heat and potential energy transformations, and causes change within systems (ACSSU155)

Science / Year 9 / Science Understanding / Physical sciences

Content description

Energy transfer through different mediums can be explained using wave and particle models (ACSSU182)

Australian Curriculum:
  • Year 10 > Science Inquiry Skills > Communicating > Communicate scientific ideas and information for a particular purpose,... > ACSIS208
  • Year 10 > Science Inquiry Skills > Evaluating > Evaluate conclusions, including identifying sources of uncertainty and possible... > ACSIS205
  • Year 10 > Science Inquiry Skills > Processing and analysing data and information > Analyse patterns and trends in data, including describing relationships between... > ACSIS203
  • Year 10 > Science Inquiry Skills > Processing and analysing data and information > Use knowledge of scientific concepts to draw conclusions that are consistent... > ACSIS204
  • Year 10 > Science Understanding > Physical Sciences > Energy conservation in a system can be explained by describing energy transfers... > ACSSU190