Forces and energy

ID: 
http://vocabulary.curriculum.edu.au/scot/571

Indigenous spinning tops - Year 2 CLE

This Connected Learning Experience explores forces in an Indigenous context.

Description: In this investigation, students explore how push/pull forces can be applied to make an object move, in the context of spinning tops. They observe characteristics of successful spinners, and notice how a force is applied to set them in motion, or to make them stop.

Learning intentions

Students will be able to:

Back and forth - Year 10 CLE

This online resource covers energy transformation and conservation.

The resource is a Science ASSIST Connected Learning Experience (CLE) to help teach Year 10 students the concepts involved in energy transformation and conservation.

Description: In this investigation, energy transformation and energy conservation are investigated by analysing the motion of a pendulum.

Learning intentions

Students will be able to:

Assessment Year 4 forces

I’m planning to run a physical sciences unit with my Year 4 class (forces), and plan to use some of the activities from the ASSIST resource ‘Investigating contact and non-contact forces'.  Have you any advice on criteria to assess A-E? Can you give some guidance about what I should expect of ‘above standard’ work?

Blow-and-go parachute

This online resource explores the concept of unbalanced forces.

The resource provides instructions for a student activity that explores the concept of unbalanced forces through the creation of a model skydiver.

Students make a skydiver and parachute contraption to demonstrate how drag caused by air resistance slows the descent of skydivers as they travel back to Earth. Gravity pulls the skydiver toward the Earth, while the air trapped by the parachute provides an upward resisting force (drag) on the skydiver.

Engineering Connection

Slinky drop video

This online resource demonstrates forces working at a distance.

The resource is a short video from the ABC television show Catalyst that demonstrates what happens to the top and bottom of a stretched slinky spring as it falls.

The video shows interviews with various people on the street who try to predict what will happen when a stretched slinky is dropped.

Slow motion footage reveals the answer, which might amaze you... It did amaze them.

Investigating contact and non-contact forces

These downloadable resources explore contact and non-contact forces.

The resources are MS Word documents that detail investigations to help younger students explore non-contact forces (e.g., magnetism and gravity) and contact forces (e.g., friction and air resistance).

These forces are investigated through three activities: balloon rockets, magnet strength, and a rolling car.

The documents also include support materials and the appropriate links to the Australian Curriculum: Science.

Smooth moves - Primary Connections

This online resource introduces the concepts of forces.


The resource is a unit of work that investigates forces, those that act at a distance and those that act due to direct contact.


Forces explored include pushes, pulls, friction, gravity and magnetism.


Students also use a fair test investigation to show how different-sized forces affect the movement of objects.

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